The U.S. Department of Commerce released the results of investigations into the impact on U.S. national security from the current levels of imports of steel mill products and of imports of wrought and unwrought aluminum.
The Department of Commerce found that the quantities and circumstances of steel and aluminum imports “threaten to impair the national security.”
For steel imports, the report recommends:
• A global tariff of at least 24% on all steel imports from all countries, or
• A tariff of at least 53% on all steel imports from 12 countries (Brazil, China, Costa Rica, Egypt, India, Malaysia, Republic of Korea, Russia, South Africa, Thailand, Turkey and Vietnam) with a quota by product on steel imports from all other countries equal to 100% of their 2017 exports to the United States, or
• A quota on all steel products from all countries equal to 63% of each country’s 2017 exports to the United States.
For aluminum imports, the report recommends:
• A tariff of at least 7.7% on all aluminum exports from all countries, or
• A tariff of 23.6% on all products from China, Hong Kong, Russia, Venezuela and Vietnam. All the other countries would be subject to quotas equal to 100% of their 2017 exports to the United States, or
• A quota on all imports from all countries equal to a maximum of 86.7% of their 2017 exports to the United States.
The reports are currently under consideration by the President, and no final decisions have been made with regard to their contents. The President may take a range of actions, or no action, based on the analysis and recommendations provided in the reports. Action could include making modifications to the courses of action proposed, such as adjusting percentages.
The President is required to make a decision on the steel recommendations by April 11, 2018, and on the aluminum recommendations by April 19, 2018.