Canada announced it has formally requested World Trade Organization (WTO) consultations with the United States concerning the U.S. Department of Commerce’s recent final anti-dumping and countervailing duty determinations on imports of certain softwood lumber products from Canada.

The Canadian Government considers the U.S. Department of Commerce’s decision to impose punitive anti-dumping and countervailing duties on Canadian softwood lumber producers as “unfair, unwarranted and deeply troubling.”

A request for consultations formally initiates a dispute in the WTO. Consultations give the parties an opportunity to discuss the matter and to find a satisfactory solution without proceeding further with litigation.

After 60 days, if Canada and the United States are not able to reach a mutually agreed solution through consultations, Canada may request that the WTO establish a dispute settlement panel to examine the matter.

Canada recently challenged the countervailing duties under Chapter 19 of the North American Free Trade Agreement.