Travellers should note that Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) officials and agents have the authority to search baggage, validate passports, and check the contents of laptop computers.

The Customs Act gives CBSA border officers authority to examine personal baggage and goods upon arrival to and departure from Canada, including inspection of electronic devices.

The CBSA administers more than 90 acts, regulations and international agreements on behalf of other federal departments and agencies, provinces and territories, including the Citizenship Act, Criminal Code, Food and Drugs Act, Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, and the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act.

Upon discovery of an infraction or suspected crime, the CBSA will contact law enforcement officials if charges are to be laid under the Criminal Code.

The CBSA maintains databases and utilizes tools such as technology, information sharing, risk analysis and biometrics, including information from airlines and carriers in order to identify possible security threats.

Additional information concerning the purpose and scope of examinations is found in the following Omnitrans website Library articles:


Compliance and Enforcement Actions of the CBSA

Enforcement Measures Relating to Food Safety, Animal Health & Plant Protection